Wooden houses in no way retreat to other types of buildings of reinforced concrete for strength and durability. Their lifespan is 50-60 years, but can last over 100, depending on exploitation, maintenance and weather conditions .This due to the exceptional strength and resistance to spruce tree, which is most common for this type of constructions. Frames of wooden houses can be wooden or metallic, which allows the construction to be built at any time of the year as the properties of wood after do not change after fabrication processes. Another major advantage for this kind of construction is that the finishing work can begin immediately as there are no wet processes involved in the assembly. this includes not only buildings made entirely of wood, but also those in which the predominant materials are wood and its derivatives – chipboard, plywood, OSB, etc. They are manufactured by other fabrics such as wool, fibreboard and of course a concrete foundation.
Heat insulation and soundproofing
Wooden houses always provide the warm and comfort atmosphere of a family house due to excellent thermal insulation properties of wood. Those properties result in more efficient heat and environment control. In rule any insulation plays a role of soundproofing which gives great family atmosphere suitable for relaxation and privacy. In general heat insolation acts as sound insulation too. Of course better results are achieved when additional sound insolation is installed. That results in a close to perfect soundproof environment. Sound insulation achieved with timber provides better sound isolation compared to the brick buildings resulting in a more comfortable and quiet home.
Dutch technology – round logs. Most people look suspiciously on this because trees are piled on one another, but actually this link is very strong. Processed to the required size, superimposed wooden beams fit perfectly with almost no distance in-between. Moreover, this tiny gap is filled with an insulating layer, which hardens and seals the space. Special treatment and processing is applied to the wooden logs to achieve delay of decay and insects protection.
Even though the outer part of the building is made from rounded logs, the interior sides can be smooth to give the wood a natural wall look. Of course the wood can be processed giving any shape requested by the customer or architecture.
Due to the natural appearance and home-cozy comfort this kind of houses provide, they are preferred for mountain huts or houses in the highlands or countryside.source
Laminated wood veneer – a glued laminated timber that has relatively low thermal conductivity, which makes it preferred. The construction of the walls is a very slow process. The price is higher and periodic maintenance is required for polishing the wood. There is a point at which everyone needs to choose if good insulation or good look is preferred. However, this kind of houses are preferred because pre-treatment of wood provides high resistance to decay as well as high tensile strength to the beams.
Frame technology – the most preferred, most widespread and most affordable type of wooden houses that provides unlimited possibilities for interior and exterior design. Houses made with this technology have a thin cavity wall, which can be filled with insulation resulting in great energy efficiency.
Flat logs – resembling The Dutch technology, but in this case the logs are flat, making the construction much cheaper. This technology uses glued flat logs. However, this technology is not preferred because of dangerous emissions can be released if bad glue is used.
- Improved energy efficiency due to the insulation properties of the materials used.
- Rapid building processes without affecting the quality.
- Greater degree of factory finish, resulting in shortening the construction deadlines.
- Luxury achieved at low prices.
- Greater utilization of floor area.
- Ability to carry a variety of architectural decisions
- Resistance to earthquakes and landslides due to the low weight construction.
- Easy set up and maintenance of all internal installations.
- Wet construction processes are reduced to minimum.
- No major logistic problems as most materials can be purchased from one retailer.
- Low energy consumption if the fabrication of the materials used for the construction meaning the building is built using ECO and Green resources.
- Frequent protection to the wood is required. However, the investment is not larger over time. Coating it with special wood oils that nourish and impregnate a facing visible wood and protect it from UV rays and weathering is to be performed regularly. The frequency of this impregnation depends on the area the house is located.
- Vibrations tend to appear in wooden construction. The issue can be solved making sure that details are designed right, appropriate insolation is installed and all building procedures are followed.
- Even though manufacturers of glues tend to claim no hazardous elements can be released, over a long period of time dangerous substances are released.
- Wooden buildings have shorter lifespan in comparison with the concrete ones.
- Exploitation can be crucial for the lifespan as water leaks or insects can damage the wood.